Precision Agriculture

Gallo_Oct21_2.JPGCalifornia is the largest and most diverse productive agricultural state for decades, supplying nearly half of domestic fruits, nuts and vegetatbles and generating $44 billion in revenue in 2012 (CDFA). However, the state's agriculture will continue to face serious challenges posed by climate change and extreme event, including drought, heat waves, reduced chill hours fro fruits, and increased pests and invasive species. Spatial and temporal crop information is critical for more effective water and nutriuent management. At the Jin Lab, our goal is to bring "big data" for modern "data-driven" precision agriculture. We are interested in using exisiting multi-sensor satellite remote sensing observations and developing new UAV/drone sensor systems for 

      a) monitoring crop growth and yield;

      b) detecting crop stress and disease; 

      c) quantifying consumptive water use.

Our monitoring capabilities will provide the farmers timely and spatially explicit crop information, help them to tailor their use of water, fertizers, and chemicals based on how much is needed and thus to optimize crop yields while minimizing water and nutrient inputs


AI-driven yield prediction

Agricultural productivity is subject to many stressors, including abiotic and biotic threats many of which are exacerbated by a changing climate, thereby affecting long-term sustainability. To understand and mitigate these threats will require the collection of large data sets on crop productivity and the associated biotic, abiotic and agronomic factors and an advanced big data approach.


The yield of tree crops, such as almond orchards, is particularly complex, and advanced analytics is required to integrate these highly heterogeneous datasets to generate insights to understand the constraints on the yields at tree and field scales. Here we used machine learning approaches to investigate the determinants of almond yield variation in California’s almond orchards. Statistical models were also built to predict orchard level yield in the  early and mid-seasons, by integrating the remote sensing metrics and weather data.


Related Publications:

Jin , Y. B. Chen, B. Lampinen, and P. Brown (2020), Advancing Agricultural Production with Machine Learning Analytics: Yield Determinants for California’s Almond Orchards, Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 290, 10.3389/fpls.2020.00290.

Zhang, Zhou, B. Chen, Y. Jin, and P. Brown (2019), California Almond Yield Prediction at the Orchard Level with a Machine Learning Approach, Frontiers in Plant Science, 18, 10.3389/fpls.2019.00809. [PDF]

High throughput phenotyping

Traditional plant phenotyping with in situ measurement is labor-intensive. Our goal is to develop test high throughput phenotyping approaches and workflow using the UAV imagining coupled with the state of art machine learning technology. For example, we have recently captured the hourly flowering dynamics of different varieties of lettuce across the whole experiment field, with a MicaSense RedEdge multi-spectral camera mounted on a DJI Matrices100 drone. The support vector machine machine learning algorithm was developed to map the floral pixels from the centimeter multipsectral imagery.


Related Publications:

Han, R., A. J.Y. Wong, Z. Tang, M. J. Truco, D. O. Lavelle, A. Kozik, Y. Jin, and R. W. Michelmore (2020), Drone phenotyping and machine learning enable discovery of genetic loci regulating daily floral opening time in lettuce,Detecting drought-induced tree mortality in Sierra Nevada forests with time series of satellite data, Plant Physiology, submitted.

Multi-sensor plant stressors/plant health monitoring

GAPREX_Stress.pngDetecting plant stressors is critical for on-farm irrigation, fertilization, and pest managements. Built upon various field experiments in walnut, almond, pistachio orchards, and vineyards, we are exploring remote sensing based algorithms, using multispectral, hyperspectral, and thermal observations from both existing and emerging satellite  sensors, UAV and proximal sensors.